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Under Sharia laws, online gambling represents a critical crime. As an element of this research, we discovered listed here gambling websites to-be blocked in the united kingdom.

Blocked playing sites

Acknowledgement of restrictions

The conclusions of your research current various limitations, and do not necessarily echo a comprehensive look at net censorship in Malaysia.

1st limitation are associated with the assessment period, which started on 24th September and determined lower than 2 months afterwards, on 13th November 2021. As a result, censorship happenings which could need took place before and/or following the testing period are not examined within this research.

Another constraint to this study was connected to your amount and different URLs that have been analyzed for censorship. As stated when you look at the methodology element of this document (a€?Creating a Malaysian test lista€?), the standards for picking URLs being strongly related to Malaysia comprise biased. The URL collection bias was actually affected by the center objective within this research, which sought for to examine whether internet sites showing political complaints and protecting human being liberties had been blocked. Furthermore, while all in all, 1,618 various URLs had been tried for censorship as part of this research, we wouldn’t taste every one of the URLs on the web, indicating the chance that other internet wantmatures sites perhaps not included in test databases might-have-been blocked.

While circle specifications had been obtained from two local vantage details in Malaysia (AS4788 and AS17971), OONIa€™s program tests weren’t operate from all vantage guidelines in the nation in which various censorship events have taken place.

Summary

This research produces information that serves as proof of the DNS blocking of 39 various web pages in Malaysia. Since block content comprise detected for several of the websites, their own censorship is confirmed and undeniable.

The blocked web sites integrate news sites, blogs, and popular posting platform (method). These sites had been apparently earliest clogged in 2015 for covering the 1MDB scandal and, per our very own conclusions, stayed obstructed through the testing amount of this study (24th Sep 2016 to 13th November 2016). Even though the blocking of the sites has become warranted due to national security under part 233 of the 1998 Communications and Multimedia work (CMA), these censorship occasions are politically determined.

Between the blocked website, we discovered a site that expresses big complaints towards Islam. In Malaysian framework, this web site can be viewed as inciting hatred towards Islam as well as its censorship can thus end up being justified under Malaysiaa€™s Sedition operate 1948 which prohibits the incitement of hatred towards any faith. We furthermore located a prominent online dating site as obstructed, however the inspiration and/or legal justification behind their stopping remains unclear.

As an element of our very own learn, we discover numerous pornographic, gaming, and torrenting internet sites are obstructed, which could are categorized as the a huge number of internet sites which were announced to get obstructed of the MCMC. The censorship of pornography can be legitimately rationalized within the Malaysia Communications and Multimedia Act (CMA) 1998, although the stopping of gambling web sites could be warranted beneath the Common games residences operate 1953 (Act 289) and under the swimming pool Betting Act 1967.

On a positive notice, some earlier obstructed websites (Bersih rally sites) happened to be seen to be available. No signs and symptoms of censorship happened to be detected when examining the accessibility of social media, censorship circumvention methods and LGBTI web pages, and in addition we couldn’t identify the clear presence of any a€?middle boxesa€? capable of performing internet censorship. However, this does not mean that censorship machines just isn’t within the united states, but just that these particular reports were unable to highlight the appeal.

OONI and Sinar job promote transparency around internet controls to assist boost the secure of individual rights and democratic steps.